Child sexual abuse also referred to as child molestation is a type of child abuse where an adult or an adolescent uses child for sexual incentive .a child is used for sexual activities without consent and often are shown gentiles , a child may also be used for child pornography. Indecent exposure of body parts are included In this abuse.
Child sexual abuse is a widespread health problem that can seriously damage a child’s mental and physical health, this can occur in many settings. Homes , schools or work places where child labours are employed . Child sexual abuse includes different types of sexual offences against boys and girls of under 16 years of age. Sexual offences committed by blood relatives is referred to as incest. Child sexual abuse can occur in all populations , it can happen to children in all socioeconomic and education levels , mostly the abuse occurs by hands of a person known to the child . Approximately 60% of boys and 40% of girls were abused by the person they knew.
These horrendous acts could leave an everlasting impact on a child’s mind and can cause serious problems for the upcoming future. This often done through exploitation , physical contact between a child and another person this implies that inequality of power among the child and that person leads to these events. Aftermath of child sexual abuse includes depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, complex post-traumatic stress disorder, and tendency to further victimization in adulthood. It is often seen that the victim is acquainted with the sexual offender, a case study showed that 300,000 children were sexually abused in united states in 1993 and this only includes the reported cases. Most of time these cases are not reported due to number of factors and this estimation is only one-fifth of true abuse cases. Raising awareness against this is the key to its Prevention, it is crucial that adults and adolescent know that child sexual abuse is a crime and that a child can never consent to sexual activities. Another strategy is to introduce awareness among the parents and schools that protective measures should be taken to avoid this.
It should also be taken into consideration that teaching and educating the child regarding abuse is pivotal to its prevention. A child should be able to distinguish sexual abuse from love and they should know the right way to respond to this. Another important factor that should be dealt with care is when the child discloses abuse , handling this disclosure and assisting the child’s needs are all very significant. Children affected by sexual abuse need psychological assistance as this can leave long term effects , if mental health services are readily provided it becomes less harmful and can ease the consequences . Child sexual abuse prevention programs should also be strengthened and these should focus on helping the children to recognize abuse , talk about it and teach them the safety skills for their personal protection.